Lessons of the Podemos Experiment
A decade after the 15-M movement, how to assess Podemos’s strategy and the ‘populist hypothesis’ on which it was based? After three years in government with the Spanish Socialists, a political and intellectual balance sheet from two participants.
Spain’s Feminist Strike
What led millions to participate in Spain’s nationwide women’s strike—a stoppage of care work as well as wage labour? Assessment of the forces at play—movement organizing, the media, unions, parties—and the potential of 8M to tilt the political balance of forces.
The general secretary of Spain’s new anti-austerity party sets out the strategic thinking behind its bid to become a national force. Incipient crisis of the post-Franco regime, mired in corruption and economic collapse, and opportunities for a popular-political formation, mobilizing the social discontent of the indignados.
Spain On Edge
Responding to NLR’s questions, Pablo Iglesias discusses the regime’s counter-attack, the example of Syriza and the political geography of austerity in Spain. After May 2015’s regional elections, can Podemos forge a coalition strategy to navigate between marginalization and the lethal consequences of a PSOE embrace?
A Spanish Spring?
How far has Spain travelled, and in what direction, since the most cobwebbed corner of the West became the export model of eu democracy? The legacy of a century and a half of reaction, social and national contradictions of the González–Aznar years, the dénouement of the 2004 election, and the first—so far mostly welcome—steps of the Zapatero government.
Assymetrical Trade in the Feudal System and in the Early Transition to Capitalism
“Historical research has analyzed unequal exchange using two fundamental models: the ‘circulationist’ model, espoused by Wallerstein and Braudel, attributes development and under-development to the transfer of value from peripheral to central areas through unequivalent exchange. The endogenous model, by contrast, denies the influence of commerce in capitalist evolution. . . .” read more
Spanish Socialism in the Atlantic Order
“In March 1986, the first popular referendum on a military alliance in history was held in Spain. The ruling Socialist Party (psoe)—committed only four years earlier to withdrawal from nato—campaigned for Spanish integration into the Atlantic Alliance, deploying a massive battery of official manipulation, threats and . . .” read more
The Women’s Movement in Spain
“It would be hard to consider the Spanish women’s movement independently of recent events in Spanish politics. The death of General Franco in 1975, the gradual dismantling of the authoritarian system imposed on the country after the Civil War, together with the rapid rise to power of the . . .” read more
The Eclipse of Spanish Communism
“In the brief political history of Eurocommunism, which emerged as a public international current in 1974 and has lived only the shadowiest existence since the break-up of the Union de la Gauche in 1977–78, the course of the Communist Party of Spain (pce) merits at least as . . .” read more
Reconsidering the Spanish Civil War
“As oral history broadens its field of study, and in particular as it moves into the field of political history, it cannot elude the task, bounden on materialist historiography, of providing a causal knowledge of the processes it is studying. At first sight this may not seem obvious. . . .” read more
Blood of Spain
“No more vivid way could have been found to bring the three years of the great civil war back to life; Ronald Fraser’s Blood of Spain is so lifelike as to be almost eerie. It is a chorus of discordant voices echoing out of the past; a carefully . . .” read more
Spain on the Brink
“The following report is the fruit of a three-week visit to the Spanish state in February 1976. In many hours of discussion, with economists and politicians, businessmen and trade-union officials, workers and Left militants, a single, apparently simple theme oriented my enquiry. What was the concrete possibility of . . .” read more
1936: Revolutionary Committees in Spain
“Tajos is a small mountain village near Málaga; in 1936 it was one of the few socialist strongholds in a predominantly anarchist province. When, on 18 July 1936, the military rose to overthrow the Republic, a revolutionary committee was formed in Tajos as in every village and . . .” read more
A Spanish Masterpiece
“Son of a poor Madrid washerwoman whose husband had died, Arturo Barea was born in 1897 in Madrid. He was brought up by a relatively well-to-do uncle and a bigoted catholic aunt. A scholarship took him to a catholic school for the rich in Madrid, while both sides . . .” read more
Spain--The Untimely Revolution
“The Spanish revolution was the only revolution to take place in Europe during the existence of the Communist International, with the transient exception of the 1919 Hungarian soviet republic: but it took the leaders of the ‘world party’ unawares. In Manuilsky’s report to the Comintern Executive in February . . .” read more
The Split in the Spanish Communist Party
“The Communist Party of Spain (pce) was among the communist parties which went furthest in its condemnation of the Soviet military intervention in Czechoslovakia and the Husakian ‘normalization’. This led to a serious deterioration in its relations with the cpsu and provoked a deep internal crisis . . .” read more
The Age of Don Quixote
“Masterpieces have a date. Today, too many theories in flight before history make the history of thought into ‘a discontinuous series of singular totalities’. But those who are not alarmed by the future dare savour to the full the draught of concrete history which every masterpiece distils for . . .” read more
The New Spain
“Thirty years have passed since the Spanish Civil War, which shook all Europe. From that time, Spain has been marginal to the history of the continent. Apparently sunk in poverty and isolation, stifled by a torpid dictatorship, the whole country has often been viewed from abroad as immobile . . .” read more
The Spanish Background
“The Iberian peninsula has problems but no solutions, a state of affairs which is common or even normal in the ‘third world’, but extremely rare in Europe. For better or worse most states on our continent have a stable and potentially permanent economic and social structure, an established . . .” read more
Spain and the Americas
“A remarkable Bengali writer has complained of a decline of historicity in the West, of the sense of man as part of history, during his lifetime. Dr J. H. Plumb, in a striking introduction to The Spanish Seaborne Empire, as editor of The History of Human Society series, . . .” read more
Land of Olives
“Antonio Ferres was born in Madrid in 1924. The son of a landless Andalusian peasant imprisoned by the Nationalists after the war, he had a variety of jobs before becoming a writer. One of these, as commercial traveller, took him through the remote areas of Andalusia—one of the . . .” read more