Chinese Communes by Soviet Survey

The China Quarterly by Congress For Cultural Freedom

Economic Development of Communist China by T. J. Hughes and D. E. Luard: O.U.P. 22/6d.

a spectre haunts Chinese studies: the spectre of Stalinism. Time and time again, events in Communist China are described in terms of a model built on the following argument: if the criteria for Communist totalitarian government are necessarily an all-embracing ideology, a monopoly of political power, arms and secret police and a centrallyoperated economy, then China, satisfying these criteria, is a totalitarian country. Unsatisfied by this conclusion, the commentators have gone on to assert that China is nothing but another version of Stalinism, with the (oftenoutspoken) implication that we have mistakenly supposed Chinese Communism to be something different.

“Any illusions of 1949,” writes Professor Kirby in the new China Quarterly,” as to China being, or likely to become, a deviant or special model of Communism are largely dispelled. In its internal mechanics . . . the Chinese Communist State appears ex post (what many did not expect ex ante) to be of strict Communist form—the Russian and Czechoslovakian, not the Polish, let alone the Jugoslavian”.