RUNNING THE WORLD THROUGH WINDOWS
Even those who embrace ‘globalization’ are nervous of its contradictions and what exists to control them. Its critics have no doubts. They wish to counter both. Fredric Jameson looks forward to transnational solidarities of opposition, Daniele Archibugi to a transnational democracy.  Fredric Jameson, ‘Globalization and political strategy’, and Daniele Archibugi, ‘Cosmopolitical democracy’, NLR 4, July–Aug 2000. Jameson is confessedly utopian, Archibugi more practical. He sees that a new politics will have to be constructed out of the old.
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- Daniele Archibugi: Cosmopolitical Democracy When the nation-state loses many of its traditional powers, Daniele Archibugi argues, democracy requires a cosmopolitan political authority above it. But current ‘humanitarian’ interventions do not fulfil such higher norms—they betray them, as the self-arrogated prerogatives of the few.
- David Chandler: 'International Justice' Every military expedition by the West now dons the mantle of human rights. What happens to international law when justice is the name of power? The charade of NATO’s tribunal in The Hague.
- Peter Gowan: Neoliberal Cosmopolitanism A reigning doctrine of international relations proclaims that, despite everything, the world is entering a new epoch of hopeful cosmopolitanism—narrow state sovereignty being overcome by the common and, where necessary, armed resolve of a ‘Pacific Union’ of democratic nations. What then of the asymmetric hegemony of the United States?
- Timothy Brennan: Cosmopolitanism and Internationalism Cosmopolitan ideals have a pedigree that needs to be traced by cultural theory as well as political science. Can world government shake off its imperialist heritage, or does international solidarity still require the nation-state?
- Daniele Archibugi: Demos and Cosmopolis As representative democracy spreads it is steadily thinning: the nation-states that have been its traditional framework are losing much of their power. Popular sovereignty can only be recovered, Daniele Archibugi argues, in a cosmopolitan order antithetical to its simulacrum in the ‘international community’ of today.