This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For more information, see our privacy statement

New Left Review 12, November-December 2001

Alan Milward on David Calleo, Rethinking Europe’s Future. Parallels with the epoch after 1873, as the EU seeks its role between the single currency and enlargement, America and Russia.



The use of history as a yardstick to measure contemporary policies has long been a hallmark of David Calleo’s writing. His books are among the few works on international relations that historians can read without having to flinch in the face of shallow generalizations or plain error. Rethinking Europe’s Future offers fourteen chapters of twentieth-century European history to prepare the way for two chapters of argument, which plead for an alternative to the way the continent has developed since Russia’s withdrawal from its Central and East European empire. For Calleo, the expansion of NATO eastwards flouts the lessons of history. The Soviet Union was not driven from its European imperium, but departed from it voluntarily. In return, Calleo argues, the West has gathered in its gains as rapaciously as Stalin after 1945. The outcome can only be seen in Moscow as anti-Russian: it will thwart a crucial condition for the stabilization of Eastern Europe—cooperation between the EU and Russia.

Subscribe for just £40 and get free access to the archive
Please login on the left to read more or buy the article for £3


Alan Milward, ‘Europe’s New-Old Order’, NLR 12: £3

If you want to create a new NLR account please register here

’My institution subscribes to NLR, why can't I access this article?’