On May 1st, 1969, Kanyu Sanyal, leader of the Naxalbari peasant movement in West Bengal, announced at a rally in Calcutta the formation of the ‘Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)’. The emergence of the new party aroused torrents of criticism from all other political organizations in India. Demands were made in the Delhi Parliament to ban it. Its founders promptly went underground, while periodicals managed by their sympathizers expounded their ideas.
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