E. H. Carr
Revolution from Above
The decision taken at the end of 1929 to proceed to the mass collectivization of Soviet agriculture has always been something of a puzzle. Pronouncements of party leaders up to that time had given no reason to expect so far-reaching a measure. It was followed by disastrous consequences which had clearly not been foreseen, and which for some years altogether nullified its advantages. Granted that we now approach the problem with the benefit of hindsight, it remains a matter of legitimate speculation why this drastic solution was so precipitately adopted.
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