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New Left Review I/45, September-October 1967

Regis Debray

Problems of Revolutionary Strategy in Latin America

These notes are designed to answer the following question: how has the Cuban Revolution modified the bloody class struggle which opposes the popular masses to imperialism and the national oligarchies in power in Latin America? What is the explanation for the slow tempo and apparent difficulties which revolutionary processes are encountering in this decisive link in the chain of imperialism? The Cuban Revolution has, from its earliest days, always presented itself as the vanguard detachment of the Latin American Revolution, and the Cuban people and its leaders, after six years of struggle, have abandoned none of their proletarian internationalism. The question is consequently one of the most vital that the Cuban Revolution poses to us and to itself, in a constant and at times heated debate. For once, we will pose the problem here as it is presented to those who live it in the press of events, that is to say, as one of a global correlation of forces, in which every imbalance that affects one of the 20 nations of the Continent, also affects the other 19. To be faithful to this context, let us insist at the outset on the partial and panoramic character of these notes, which set out this correlation in essentially political terms, and secondarily military ones.

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