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New Left Review I/233, January-February 1999

Robin Blackburn

The New Collectivism: Pension Reform, Grey Capitalism and Complex Socialism

With the advent of a Social Democrat-Green coalition in Germany, with socialists or social democrats in the governments of thirteen out of fifteen members of the eu and with Communists in the French and Italian Cabinets, the European Left faces an historic opportunity. The swing to the Left in Europe coincides with an extraordinary economic conjuncture, with wide-spread turbulence in global markets and nervousness about the launch of the euro, continuing high unemployment and profound anxiety concerning pension and welfare reform.

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Robin Blackburn, ‘The New Collectivism: Pension Reform, Grey Capitalism and Complex Socialism’, NLR I/233: £3

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