Moral Values and Progress
How does Marx criticize capitalism? On what basis does he advocate socialism? Marx’s own account of these matters seems puzzling. On the one hand, he claims to be putting forward an objective and ‘scientific’ theory of history, a fundamental tenet of which is that moral values—including those of Marxism itself—are social and historical products. On the other hand, Marxism does not claim to be a ‘neutral’ or ‘value-free’ approach. It quite explicitly condemns capitalism and advocates socialism; a critical perspective is integral to it.
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