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New Left Review I/195, September-October 1992

Alex Callinicos

Reform and Revolution in South Africa: A Reply to John Saul

F.W. de Klerk’s speech of 2 February 1990, in which he announced the unbanning of the African National Congress and the other main anti-apartheid organizations, ushered in what has proved to be a complex, difficult and dangerous phase in South African history. Participants in and sympathizers with the liberation struggle have been constantly caught between the hopes raised by subsequent developments for a rapid attainment of a post-apartheid South Africa and the horror of the slaughter which has continued more or less unabated in the townships and squatter camps around Johannesburg since the Inkatha tribalist movement launched its state-supported campaign of terror against the anc in July 1990. John Saul’s article ‘South Africa: Between “Barbarism” and “Structural Reform”’ offers what is in many respects a convincing analysis of the contradictory character of the current situation. [1] nlr 188, July–August 1991. All references in the text are to this article.

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