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New Left Review I/160, November-December 1986

Ken Hirschkop

Bakhtin, Discourse and Democracy

Carnival is not seen by the people; they live in it and everyone lives in it, because by its very definition it involves all the people. While carnival takes place, there is no other life beyond it. There is no escape from it, for it knows no spatial boundaries. During carnival time it is possible to live only according to its laws, that is, to the laws of carnivalesque freedom. Carnival has a universal character; it is a special condition of the whole world—its regeneration and renewal in which all participate.

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Ken Hirschkop, ‘Bakhtin, Discourse and Democracy’, NLR I/160: £3

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