This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. For more information, see our privacy statement

New Left Review I/159, September-October 1986

Lawrence Lifschultz

From the U-2 to the P-3: The US—Pakistan Relationship

Not long after the U—2 surveillance aircraft was shot down over Soviet territory in 1960, Nikita Khrushchev approached Pakistan’s ambassador at a diplomatic reception and told him that he had looked carefully at the map, taken out a pen and drawn a big red circle round Peshawar. In his characteristically blunt way Khrushchev was issuing a threat that no further U—2 flights violating Soviet airspace were to take off from Pakistani bases such as the Badaber facility outside the capital of Northwest Frontier Province. In his first public speech on the incident, the Soviet leader directed his remarks toward General Ayub Khan and his colleagues when he declared: ‘Don’t play with fire, gentlemen!’ [1] M.S. Venkataramani, The American Role in Pakistan, 1947–1958, Lahore 1984, p. 339.

Subscribe for just £45 and get free access to the archive
Please login on the left to read more or buy the article for £3


Lawrence Lifschultz, ‘From the U-2 to the P-3: The US-Pakistan Relationship’, NLR I/159: £3

If you want to create a new NLR account please register here

’My institution subscribes to NLR, why can't I access this article?’