If you are having trouble with the NLR website, please provide details here, and we will try to improve the site accordingly.
Fukuyama and the Socialist Alternative
Since Francis Fukuyama’s essay takes up some key themes from his book The End of History and the Last Man, I think it would be useful for the purposes of this symposium [*] if I were to focus part of my comments on that work itself.  The core of Fukuyama’s argument is that there is no satisfactory alternative to what he calls liberal democracy (I prefer to call it capitalist democracy). The main challenge to capitalist democracy in this century, he says, was Soviet-style Communism, which has now revealed itself to be a definite failure. Other alternatives of one sort or another—fascism, various forms of rightist authoritarianism, or Iranian-style theocracy—remain possible, but they are infinitely less satisfactory than capitalist democracy, and do not in any case correspond to the march of history. The future belongs to capitalist democracy, which represents, in Fukuyama’s words, ‘the end point of mankind’s ideological evolution’ and the ‘final form of human government’ (p. xi). ‘Left-wing critics of liberal democracies,’ he also claims, ‘are singularly lacking in radical solutions to over-coming the more intractable forms of inequality’ (p. 293, emphasis in the original).
Subscribe for just £35 and get free access to the archive
Please login on the left to read more or buy the article for £3